Mexico Programme

Water Law and Human Rights

Mexico has integrated the HRWS in its constitution, but the commitments have yet to be fully and uniformly articulated at state level. WaterLex has been working with stakeholders in Mexico for the past six years, keeping in touch with developments, advising where possible, and supporting the National Human Rights Institution (Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos; CNDH) and the National Water Authority (CONAGUA) with capacity enhancement, drafting of legislation, policy and planning documents, and contributions to publications such as the CNDH’s  manual on HRWS.

In 2017, WaterLex conducted a full review of the national laws in Mexico to understand how the HRWS are already integrated.

Mexico’s new government is giving priority to human rights to water and sanitation in the new National Development Plan. The National Water Program (PNH) 2019-2024 is the guiding document of the water policy in Mexico, and is a special program derived from the National Development Plan (PND) It reflects the objectives, strategies and lines of action for future public policies. 

CONAGUA has invited WaterLex to advise on the new water legislation in Mexico, including el Programa Nacional Hídrico (PNH) and el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo (PND), and to develop indicators that will be used to monitor the realisation of SDG 6 and the human rights to water and sanitation.

Phase 1 (the review of the national laws and plans) is to be completed by September 2019, and human rights-based indicators will be used to help in monitoring their implementation and dissemination in the regions.

Such indicators are critical for supporting governments to measure progress against the SDGs and for integrating changes in policy across the different states such that human rights can be realised. The global target indicators that are included in SDG 6 provide a target goal, and these national level targeted indicators are extremely helpful for tangibly realising the improved access to water and sanitation for marginalised people. Read more