- Assessing the country situation of the human right to water and sanitation
- Developing a causal analysis in order to identify the structural causes for the non-realization of the human right to water in the Country
- Developing a role analysis to assess who does not have is not the right to water and sanitation guaranteed and who has the duty to respond
- Undertaking a capacity gap analysis in order to understand what are the capacity gaps of rights holders to exercise their right and duty bearers to meet their obligations
- Identify dialogue and alliance partners to work within the country along the principles of ownership, harmonization and alignment
Once the comprehensive reference material has been compiled, a human rights analysis documents the situation in the country by looking at root causes of current problems and who are the people un- or underserved (rights- holders) and people with legal responsibilities to ensure progressive realization of universal access to water and sanitation services (duty-bearers).
The methodology presented below starts with the situation of the human right to water and sanitation before developing causal and role and capacity gap analyses.