Situation analysis – Get Started

Objectives:

  1. Assessing the country situation of the human right to water and sanitation
  2. Developing a causal analysis in order to identify the structural causes for the non-realization of the human right to water in the Country
  3. Developing a role analysis to assess who does not have is not the right to water and sanitation guaranteed and who has the duty to respond
  4. Undertaking a capacity gap analysis in order to understand what are the capacity gaps of rights holders to exercise their right and duty bearers to meet their obligations
  5. Identify dialogue and alliance partners to work within the country along the principles of ownership, harmonization and alignment

Once the comprehensive reference material has been compiled, a human rights analysis documents the situation in the country by looking at root causes of current problems and who are the people un- or underserved (rights- holders) and people with legal responsibilities to ensure progressive realization of universal access to water and sanitation services (duty-bearers).
The methodology presented below starts with the situation of the human right to water and sanitation before developing causal and role and capacity gap analyses.

What is happening, where and who is most affected?
An analysis of the situation of the human right to water and sanitation identifies the legal, policy and implementation level of the HRWS in the country.

Why is the human right to water and sanitation not guaranteed?
A causal analysis aims at documenting all causes and obstacles to universal access to safe water and sanitation. It questions the reasons of the current gaps in the realization of the right to water and sanitation for certain groups of peoples.

Who has not be guaranteed the right to safe water and sanitation and who is responsible for guaranteeing it?

A role analysis questions which groups of people (right holders) are specifically deprived of the right to water and sanitation, and which entities (duty bearers) have the obligation to fulfill it.

What is needed to guarantee the human right to water and sanitation?

The capacity gap analysis questions what capacities are lacking among right holders to claim their rights and what capacities are lacking among the duty bearers to fulfill the right.