Situation analysis

Before starting

Gaps and pitfalls in current practices
Key points about a human rights-based analysis
Compile the information you need

Get started

Assessing the situation of the human right to water and sanitation
Developing a causal analysis
Developing a role and capacity-gap analysis

Check point


A human rights-based analysis identifies all situations that are impeding the realisation of the right to water and sanitation . For this, it identifies groups lacking effective right to water and sanitation- and those responsible for respecting, protecting and fulfilling the right. It examines the structural causes of development problems and human rights challenges, including patterns of discrimination in the country. First, a causal analysis invites to correlate water and sanitation data with legal and institutional frameworks. It examines the structural causes of lack of access to water and sanitation, including patterns of discrimination in the country. Next, a role analysis is undertaken to identify the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders, as duty-bearers and rights-holders, in relation to the human rights challenges previously identified. Finally, a capacity gap analysis in legislation, institutions, policies and voice identifies the interventions needed to build rights-holders’ and duty-bearers’ capacities in order to guarantee the right to water and sanitation.


At the end of the situation analysis, you must have identified:

  • Who are the prioritary rights-holders, i.e. those in a more disadvantaged situation
  • Who are the duty-bearers
  • What are the capacity gaps of rights-holders to exercise their right and duty bearers to guarantee it
  • Who you will work with: dialogue and alliance partners are identified among the different stakeholders in the water and sanitation sector