Before starting

Gaps and pitfalls in current practices
Key points about a human rights-based planning

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Develop human rights objectives and expected results (targets)
Identify activities to strengthen rights- holders and duty bearers’ capacities
Assess and manage risks in relation to human rights

Check point


Once the situation analysis has been finalized and with the information resulting from that analysis, we plan the design of our intervention, which, from a HRBA, explicitly aims at improving the Human Right to Water and Sanitation (HRWS) by targeting the root causes of the lack of access to water and sanitation, and building the capacities of both rights-holders and duty-bearers.

Planning Objectives

Defining objectives for a program that aims at fostering the HRWS should start by looking at the conclusions of the situation analysis. The groups and people in more vulnerable situation, the root causes, the roles and capacities of the actors involved, have all been mapped out. Now the problems or gaps identified have to be turned into objectives:

  • The objectives of our intervention must address not only the immediate causes of current problems, but also the root and underlying causes identified in the situation analysis
  • Priority must be given to addressing capacity gaps identified in the situation analysis
  • Local population must be involved in the definition of the priorities of the project (importance of participation)

At the end of the planning process, development partners must have identified:

  • What are the short-, medium- and long- term objectives of our strategy, programme or project in order to foster the implementation of the HRWS based on the gaps evidenced through the situation analysis
  • How we will reach the objectives through activities based on human rights
  • How we will measure progress in reaching the objectives (the “what”) and the compliance of the intervention process with human rights (the “how”) though human rights based indicators