Planning Tool: Planning Human Rights Based Activities

Activity type Examples
1. Setting up a legal framework and policies Authors: SSWM/ UNDP&WGF

Description:
A core governmental role is to formulate policies, through which the government can delimit the activities of all sanitation and water management stakeholder groups, including itself. Appropriate policies can encourage participatory, demand-driven and sustainable development.

Human rights assessments
The legal and policy framework must include  international human rights and norms, which are to be included in local policies and legal frameworks

Links:
SSWM
WGF/UNDP (Kenya case study)

2. Building an institutional framework Author: UNDP/WGF

Description:
The term “institutional framework” refers to a set of formal organisational structures, rules and informal norms for service provision. Such a framework is the precondition for the successful implementation of other sanitation and water management intervention tools and therefore needs to be considered in particular.

Human rights assessment:
The institutional framework must be developed after identifying all stakeholders as duty-bearers and rights-holders.

Links:
SSWM toolbox
WGF/UNDP

3. Awareness-raising of the population through media campaigns  and specific information materials Author: UNESCO/ LAO PDR

Description:
– Media (television, radio, print media, internet and email) play a significant part in spreading information on Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management and in awareness raising.
– Basically used to enrich a horizontal learning process within the group or community, information materials are a way of sharing useful information in appropriate and interesting forms and on a timely basis to those people and groups who can make the best use of it.

Human rights assessment:
From a human rights perspective, radio  campaign presents the following advantages:

– it reaches the broadest audience compared to other media, especially  people isolated by geography, conflict, illiteracy, poverty.
– it conveys vital information and gives listeners the opportunity to make informed choices about decisions, gives them greater self-determination
– Listening as group activity, encouraging discussions

Social media campaigns reaches the vast majority of population with internet access especially targeting the youth

Links:
– SSWM toolbox: Version 1 OR Version 2
UNESCO/LAO PDR (P.5)

4. Supporting national educational programs on water, sanitation and hygiene at school Authors: SSWM/UNESCO

Description:
A school campaign on water and sanitation consists of two main components: one component is the provision of safe water and sanitation facilities in schools. The other component is a school education that promotes practices helping to prevent water and sanitation-related diseases and teaches the wise use of water and favourable hygiene behaviour in the future generation of adults.

Human rights assessments:
WASH education empowers children and ensures behavior changes and long term impact.

Links:
SSWM toolbox

5. Setting up of Water Users Groups Author: UNESCO/LAO PDR

Description:
Between village water user groups to ensure the accountability of government to communities and to empower villages to monitor the access to, and the quality of water provision. Creating and embedding formalized, regular consultations between government and stakeholders case study.

Human rights assessment:
Advantages of both are involvement of people at the local level, easy and stakeholders interest represented

Click here for more information (p.5).

6. Developing a participatory situation analysis and plan of action Author: WEDC/ WaterAid

Description:
Participants to apply their understanding of the social model of disability by using it to analyse a set of problems in using latrines.

Resource material is provided with information about practical approaches and solutions that improve access for disabled people, for disabled school children, for people living with HIV, for older people and for women and children.

Human rights assessment:
Ensure the implementation of the principle of non discrimination, by a community-based definition of people in a vulnerable situation (social, economic, cultural barriers)

Click here for more information.

7. Building capacities of the population in integrating human rights issues in technical works Author: WEDC/ WaterAid

Description:
This exercise can be carried out with participants from all walks of life – from children in the village to government officials. The wider the range of participants, the richer the discussion is likely to be.

Click here for more information.

8. Supporting the setting up of complaint mechanisms Author: UNDP/WGF
Description:Setting up consumers association and providing them with the relevant human rights training for them to inform and assist the population with.Human rights assessment
Consumers association play a key role to ensure the accountability of State and non- state actors in water and sanitation supply.Click here for more information.
9. Ensuring participatory monitoring mechanisms Authors: UNDP/WGF

Description:
Bench-marking and ensuing indicators should be jointly (community and national and regional level actors) developed with active and meaningful local participation-emphasis is on dialogue and enhancement of community level rights in identifying needs and contributing to workable solutions.

Human rights assessment:
Human rights-based indicators require to 1/ enshrine indicators in human rights standards and principles and 2/involve the population in their definition.

Click here for more information.